Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is a chronic condition including attention difficulty, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. It often effects children and continues into adulthood. It may contribute to low self-esteem, troubled relationships, and difficulty at school or work.

ADHD is chronic, it can last for years or lifelong. While treatment cannot cure ADHD, medicines can help contain the symptoms and behavior.

ADHD can cause inattention, and hyperactivity/impulsive behaviour. Symptoms start from start before age 12, and in some children, they’re noticeable as early as 3 years of age. It can be mild, moderate or severe and continue into adulthood.

There are three subtypes of ADHD:

  • Predominantly inattentive. The majority of symptoms fall under inattention.
  • Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive. The majority of symptoms are hyperactive and impulsive.
  • Combined. This is a mix of inattentive symptoms and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms.

A child with ADHD often fail to pay full attention to details and be careless with schoolwork. They often fail to focused in any work or play. They appear to be not listening when directly spoken to. They have difficulty finishing schoolwork or chores. They are unorganized in tasks and activities. They avoid activities that take focused mental effort. They are easily distracted, lose things. They are very forgetful.

A child who shows a pattern of hyperactive and impulsive symptoms may often are fidgety- tapping with their hands or feet, squirming. They have great difficulty staying seated in one place. They are always on the go, in constant motion. They are hard to control in inappropriate situations. They have trouble playing or doing an activity quietly. Talk too much, blurt out answers, interrupting the questioner. Have difficulty waiting. Interrupt or intrude on others’ conversations, games or activities

Genetics. ADHD can run in families, and studies indicate that genes may play a role.

Environment. Certain environmental factors, such as lead exposure, may increase risk.

Development. Problems with the central nervous system at key moments in development may play a role.

Children with ADHD are often more likely to have conditions like – Learning disabilities, Anxiety disorders, Depression, Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), Conduct disorder, Bipolar disorder, Tourette syndrome.

If someone qualifies for these symptoms, they should see a therapist. Since ADHD occurs mostly in children, they should get treatment and therapy immediately. If you know someone suffering from ADHD, try to lend them a helping hand.

Facts via Mayo Clinic